Islamic Eschatology – Day of Judgment, Paradise & Hell Fire
The Day of Judgment
In Islam the day of judgment means when all will be judged for their life spent and actions done in this world, especially humankind and jinn. On that day the entire universe will undergo a transformation and humans will continue the everlasting journey, which began with our creation in the primordial existence (pre-earthly world of souls) before we were born on earth.
Day of Judgment in Islam is another phase of this everlasting life, albeit the most important one, just as how our primordial existence in the world of souls was a phase and so is our life on earth a phase. Then will come the Day of Judgment that will also be a phase and then the final eternal phase of life in paradise or hell will also be one. It is due to this reason, pertaining to earthly phase, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ advised us: “Be in this world as though you were a stranger or a passerby.” Just like our own existence, that has not been created with the purpose to be destroyed, similarly the entire universe has not been created to face annihilation. It is actually created to be transformed one day in to a separate formation which will take place on the Day of Judgment and this is what the Quran teaches: “[His promise will be fulfilled] on the Day when the earth shall be changed into another earth, as shall be the heavens and when [all men] shall appear before God, the One who holds absolute sway over all that exists.”
Islamic eschatology claims that the universe will be transformed in to a different formation and then Allah ﷻ will fulfill the promises made to humankind through His prophets and messengers: “Verily, You never fail to fulfill Your promise!”
 Bulugh Al-Maram Book 16, Hadith 1513
 Al Quran 14:48 – Asad Translation.
 Al Quran 3:194 – Asad Translation.